Mathematics — Year 4

Number and Place Value

  • Count in multiples of 6, 7, 9, 25 and 1000
  • Find 1000 more or less than a given number
  • Count backwards through zero to include negative numbers
  • Recognise the place value of each digit in a four-digit number (thousands, hundreds, tens, and ones)
  • Order and compare numbers beyond 1000
  • Identify, represent and estimate numbers using different representations
  • Round any number to the nearest 10, 100 or 1000
  • Solve number and practical problems that involve all of the above and with increasingly large positive numbers
  • Read Roman numerals to 100 (I to C) and know that over time, the numeral system changed to include the concept of zero and place value

Addition and Subtraction

  • Add and subtract numbers with up to 4 digits using the formal written methods of columnar addition and subtraction where appropriate
  • Estimate and use inverse operations to check answers to a calculation
  • Solve addition and subtraction two-step problems in contexts, deciding which operations and methods to use and why.

Multiplication and Division

  • Recall multiplication and division facts for multiplication tables up to 12 × 12
  • Use place value, known and derived facts to multiply and divide mentally, including: multiplying by 0 and 1; dividing by 1; multiplying together three numbers
  • Recognise and use factor pairs and commutativity in mental calculations
  • Multiply two-digit and three-digit numbers by a one-digit number using formal written layout
  • Solve problems involving multiplying and adding, including using the distributive law to multiply two digit numbers by one digit, integer scaling problems and harder correspondence problems such as n objects are connected to m objects.

Fractions and Decimals

  • Recognise and show, using diagrams, families of common equivalent fractions
  • Count up and down in hundredths; recognise that hundredths arise when dividing an object by one hundred and dividing tenths by ten.
  • Solve problems involving increasingly harder fractions to calculate quantities, and fractions to divide quantities, including non-unit fractions where the answer is a whole number
  • Add and subtract fractions with the same denominator
  • Recognise and write decimal equivalents of any number of tenths or hundredths
  • Recognise and write decimal equivalents to ¼, ½, 1/3
  • Find the effect of dividing a one– or two-digit number by 10 and 100, identifying the value of the digits in the answer as ones, tenths and hundredths
  • Round decimals with one decimal place to the nearest whole number
  • Compare numbers with the same number of decimal places up to two decimal places
  • Solve simple measure and money problems involving fractions and decimals to two decimal places.


  • Convert between different units of measure [for example, kilometre to metre; hour to minute]
  • Measure and calculate the perimeter of a rectilinear figure (including squares) in centimetres and metres
  • Find the area of rectilinear shapes by counting squares
  • Estimate, compare and calculate different measures, including money in pounds and pence
  • Read, write and convert time between analogue and digital 12– and 24-hour clocks
  • Solve problems involving converting from hours to minutes; minutes to seconds; years to months; weeks to days.

Geometry — Properties of a Shape

  • Compare and classify geometric shapes, including quadrilaterals and triangles, based on their properties and sizes
  • Identify acute and obtuse angles and compare and order angles up to two right angles by size
  • Identify lines of symmetry in 2-D shapes presented in different orientations
  • Complete a simple symmetric figure with respect to a specific line of symmetry.

Geometry — Position and Direction

  • Describe positions on a 2-D grid as coordinates in the first quadrant
  • Describe movements between positions as translations of a given unit to the left/right and up/down
  • Plot specified points and draw sides to complete a given polygon


  • Interpret and present discrete and continuous data using appropriate graphical methods, including bar charts and time graphs
  • Solve comparison, sum and difference problems using information presented in bar charts, pictograms, tables and other graphs

English — Year 4

The following is an outline of the English curriculum covered in Year 4.

Autumn 1

  • Guided Reading 
  • Stories with historical settings (3 weeks, followed by assessment) 
  • Recounts: Newspapers and Magazines (34 weeks)

Autumn 2

  • Guided Writing

  • Stories in imaginary worlds (4 weeks, followed by assessment)

  • Exploring form (2 weeks)

Spring 1

  • Guided Reading

  • Information texts 34 weeks, followed by assessment)

  • Creating Images (2 weeks)

Spring 2

  • Guided Writing

  • Stories from other cultures (34 wks, followed by assessment)

Summer 1

  • Guided Reading

  • Explanation text (23 weeks)

  • Stories that raise issues/dilemmas (3 weeks, followed by assessment)

Summer 2

  • Guided Writing
  • Persuasive text (4 weeks, followed by assessment)

Science — Year 4

Topics to be covered in the year:


  • In a state – States of matter
  • Good vibrations — sound
  • Switched On — electricity
  • Where does all that food go? Animals including humans, food and digestion
  • Human Impact – Living things and their environments.

Computing — Year 4

Emphasis will be on coding/programming. Topics will be:

  • We are software developers – Creating an educational game using Scratch
  • We are toy designers – designing a toy the uses sensors, writing code that uses if, then, else commands
  • We are musicians – introduction to computers for musical creativity – creating sounds, sequencing, looping.
  • We are HTML editors – introduction to editing and writing in HTML
  • We are co-authors – creating online content through a ‘wiki’ page
  • We are meteorologists – data measurement, analysis and presentation

eSafety learning runs throughout all topics

Geography — Year 4

  • European Cities
  • Rivers
  • Settlements

History — Year 4

  • Ancient Egypt
  • King Tut and Howard Carter
  • Britain’s Settlement by Anglo-Saxons and Scots

Art & Design — Year 4

Learning will focus on:

  • Portraits — Andy Warhol & Roy Lichtenstein
  • Landscapes — David Hockney & Wassily Kandinsky

Design & Technology — Year 4

  • 3D modelling — Chair
  • Mechanisms — Night Lights
  • Food — Curries and Spices or Soups

Modern Foreign Languages — Year 4

French will be taught weekly and throughout the year by a specialist language teacher.

Music — Year 4

The majority of music will be delivered by a specialist vocal teacher. In addition the pupils will complete a composition topic and half term learning to play an instrument.

Physical Education — Year 4

Areas of study will include:

  • Hockey
  • Netball/basketball
  • Tag rugby
  • Outdoor and adventurous pursuits
  • Athletics
  • Tennis

Religious Education — Year 4

We will follow the Birmingham Agreed Syllabus, abailable here.